This photo of Kim Soo and Master Chun Il-Sup was taken in the early spring of 1964, at Dong Kuk University in Seoul, Korea.

Master Chun is the younger brother of legendary Chun Sang-Sup who founded the Yun Moo Kwan Kong Soo Do club in 1945 in Seoul, Korea.

Master Chun Il-Sup, died a few years ago. He was respected and a well known master of Chi Do Kwan in Gun San, Choll Ra Do, Korea.
Refrain From Violent Behavior

by Hank Parker, 3rd Gup, Arlington, Texas

As we start and end each class of our Chayon-Ryu training, we state our Dojang Hun to rededicate ourselves to the wise principles. The last one, "Refrain from violent behavior", is simple sounding but provides deeper meaning with further thought.

Some may wonder why anyone studying a martial art would commit to such a principle since it sounds inconsistent. After all, don't we practice violent behavior? Don't we learn fighting techniques? Yes, we learn fighting techniques (and much more!) for self-defense, but that knowledge carries a heavy responsibility for appropriate use. Our society expects nonviolent behavior of all people and punishes those in violation, but expectations are even higher for martial artists due to the ability to cause greater harm. "Refrain from violent behavior" is good advice to follow to avoid potential legal and ethical problems.

Unreasonable expectations also make it wise to avoid violence. Today's society is brainwashed by television and movies to think that a martial artist is invincible or able to overcome any opponent. Accordingly, many people have the unreasonable expectation that an attacker can be gently disarmed or subdued. This situation is often seen with incidents involving police officers required to use force with a violent criminal. Regardless of the threat posed by the criminal, some people still question why the police officers had to seriously injure or kill the criminal. After all, aren't they trained to control that type of situation? Can't they refrain from violent behavior? Unlike police officers, most martial artists have a choice and can prevent being held to such an unreasonable standard by simply avoiding dangerous situations or confrontations.

Violent behavior is sometimes caused by a lack of self-esteem or self-confidence. Those with low self-worth see the path to respect within others. They seek violence to demonstrate their fighting skills and thereby gain respect through fear and intimidation. This tendency merely highlights their lack of self-worth. Instead of mastering oneself, being comfortable with oneself, the violent person often must achieve self-worth through the eyes of others. These people demand respect but never truly earn it, despite the superficial acknowledgements of those around them. After all, how much respect is earned by the braggart, the show-off, the bully, or the martial artist who must prove his or her skills? The higher goal is to command respect through restraint and noble actions. One of my favorite stories on the Chayon-Ryu web site, "Sword Story", exemplifies this concept.

Written by Frank Jaubert from a parable told by Grandmaster Kim Soo, "Sword Story" tells of a prince that needed a new sword. The world's greatest sword maker lived in the kingdom, and he was greatly respected for his wisdom and spirituality. This was significant since every sword was said to have the soul of its maker. He had an apprentice who also made great swords, some said possibly better, but the apprentice had few friends and was reckless, quick to anger, and prone to fighting. Unable to determine the best sword, the prince decided to obtain one of each to see which was finer. When they arrived, he extended the sword of the apprentice and was amazed as it effortlessly cut in two the falling leaves. In contrast, when he raised the sword of the old master, the falling leaves avoided the blade.

Avoid - one of the first principles we learn in our Chayon-Ryu education. Avoid the kick, avoid the punch, and avoid the confrontation. If you follow this basic principle, it is simple to follow another -- refrain from violent behavior.